Infraction (electric guitar, violin, viola) was premiered by Ergodos players (Benedict Schlepper-Connolly, Garret Sholdice, Francis Heery), Ergodos Festival 2009/‘Off-Grid’, Unitarian Church, St Stephen’s Green, Dublin, April 2009.

This piece is an exploration of the textural and perceptual effects of small microtonal variations tracing paths around the central drone of an e-bow electric guitar. As some of the intervals approach the frequencies of harmonics of the instrumental timbres, they cause beating with these harmonics, leading to ghostly tones ‘rigning out’, breaking free of the grounding instrumental timbres.